What is the future scope of hydroponics in India? (Bengaluru)
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What is the future scope of hydroponics in India?
A general conception among the Indian farming community is that staple crops and vegetables cannot be grown without good soil, sufficient water, and plenty of sunlight. This conception is true to an extent, but certainly, the farming trends worldwide are changing, and India is standing on the brink of adopting this valuable change.
New farming practices are adopted today, showing that healthy plants need water, nutrients, and high-quality seeds, The term Hydroponic Farming refers to this type of Farming. Growing plants with hydroponics technology require no sunlight but a blue, red, and yellow spectrum.
Hydroponic Farming in India is in its developing stage. Farming practices in India are primarily traditional. The current market for this type of hydroponic Farming is only limited to metropolitan and cosmopolitan towns with a mere mention of tier-1 cities. Hydroponic Farming is under innovation, and creative technologies are being adopted in India by progressively thinking farmers. The extent of green units operational in India is only designed for growing microgreens. The plan to grow entire-blown staple crops like rice, wheat, bajra, etc., is a dream.
Growing lettuce and other vegetables in hydroponic units are expensive because they cannot be taken to surplus levels. The earning potential from hydroponic farming units is high, but the costs of establishing such companies are even higher.
Scope of Hydroponic Farming in India:
India’s population size is indiscriminately increasing, which is one of the significant reasons why the size of arable land is reducing in availability. Since the arable land area is continuously decreasing, it is becoming challenging to produce staple crops for a rapidly growing population. With the hydroponic farming method, More cultivars of staple crops can be developed, and consumption of soil and water will be reduced, or just not required.
It would appear when crops will be grown in the visible light spectrum, and there will be fresh food available for everyone on the land. This could be the start of a new green revolution, which people out here will witness.
Another critical benefit of Hydroponic farming evolution in India will increase the burden on poor people and the environment in which we breathe and survive. How will this happen? Since hydroponic farms require less space and water, and growth is quicker than traditional Farming, fruits and vegetables will be grown quickly. With surplus food available for everyone, there will not be a fight for hunger. In this process, water is also saved, which means more water is available for various other purposes.
Eventually, hydroponic Farming will reduce pests and weed production on dreadful levels. Therefore, the use of pesticides, insecticides, and weedicides will be reduced. There will not be any land pollution. For now, this technological revolution is a fringe movement, and much exploration is underway.
Conclusion: The change in farming concepts will happen shortly in India. However, in the present scenario, work on the idea of hydroponics farming is underway. Individuals, as well as corporate, are rallying for this ground-breaking farming methodology.
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